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Created by Fang on January 28, 2012 13:24:09    Last update: January 28, 2012 13:31:22
This is a simple JSP custom tags library with tag body. Just like the JSF counterpart , it splits a string and repeats the body for each word, i.e., with this markup: <%@ taglib uri="http://custom.tag.com/demo" prefix... output: <html> <body> <p>Hello Tigger!</p> <p>H... With Maven, this is the directory structure: ./src ./src/main ./src/main/resources ./s... There are three files to write: pom.xml : <project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"... src/main/java/tagdemo/IterateTag.java : package tagdemo; import java.io.IOException... src/main/resources/META-INF/demotag.tld : <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <!DO... Build with: mvn clean install To use it as a dependency in other Maven projects: <dependency> <groupId>tag-demo</groupId> ...
Created by Fang on November 10, 2011 13:19:13    Last update: December 01, 2011 19:10:43
You can add custom implicit variables to JSF pages by using a custom EL resolver, in two simple steps: Write an ELResolver class to resolve the variable Add the ELResolver to faces-config.xml Starting from the Maven Hello World example: Add faces API and EL dependencies to pom.xml : <dependencies> <dependency> <groupId>o... Add a simple greeter class ( src/main/java/com/example/Greeter.java ): package com.example; public class Greeter {... Add our custom EL resolver ( src/main/java/com/example/ELResolver.java ): package com.example; import java.util.Itera... Add the custom EL resolver to src/main/resources/META-INF/faces-config.xml <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <faces-c... Build JAR with mvn package Drop the JAR into WEB-INF/lib of a webapp and test the new EL with: <h:outputText value="#{Greeter.sayHi('Mike')}"/> Fixed: the setValue method used to throw an exception, which is wrong. @Override public void setValue(ELContext ctx, O......
Created by Fang on November 08, 2011 20:55:00    Last update: November 21, 2011 18:19:44
In the simple taglib example , I used a tag handler class to implement a taglib. This is an example to implement a taglib with a UI component. The purpose is to use a custom tag to split a string and print each part in a separate paragraph, i.e., print <p>john</p> <p>steve</p> <p>mike</p> with custom tag <my:foreach> : <my:foreach var="who" value="john steve mike"> ... These are the files: pom.xml <project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"... src/main/java/com/example/UIForeash.java : package com.example; import java.io.IOExcep... src/main/resources/META-INF/faces-config.xml : <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <faces-c... src/main/resources/META-INF/foreach.taglib.xml : <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <facelet... How to use: Put the JAR file generated by the above project in the WEB-INF/lib folder of the web app. If the web app is a Maven project, just add the taglib project as a dependency:...
Created by Fang on November 03, 2011 19:47:38    Last update: November 08, 2011 20:24:47
This is a step-by-step example to create a really simple facelet taglib (in JSF 2 with Maven). Create a simple Maven project with: mvn archetype:create -DgroupId=com.example -Dartif... Three files are created as a result: pom.xml src/main/java/com/example/App.java src/test/java/com/example/AppTest.java This project should be able to build with: mvn package Add facelet API dependencies to pom.xml : <project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.... The compiler plugin section is optional. Remove src/main/java/com/example/App.java , create a new Java class as the facelet Tag Handler ( HelloTagHandler.java ): package com.example; import java.io.IOExcep... This tag handler simply prints a "Hello" message. Create facelet tag declaration file src/main/resources/META-INF/hello.taglib.xml : <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <facelet... Build the JAR with mvn clean package Optionally, install it to the local repository: mvn install To use the taglib, simply drop the...
Created by freyo on May 20, 2011 09:25:20    Last update: May 23, 2011 12:11:42
The javax.xml.crypto and javax.xml.crypto.dsig packages are not available in Android (as of version 2.3). Therefore, standard Java API does not work. But you can use the Apache Santuario library to do that. Here are the steps: Download the xml security source distribution (curently version 1.4.4). Build with ant. Create your own library jar (only the apache classes, no javax): jar -cf xmlsec-1.4.4.jar -C build/classes org Copy xmlsec-1.4.4.jar to the libs directory of your Android project. Here's the Java code: import java.io.*; import javax.xml.parsers.*; ...
Created by Dr. Xi on March 24, 2011 12:11:14    Last update: March 24, 2011 12:22:03
This is the task: your client wants to know how the web application is used. That is pretty easy. A plethora of commercial tools or any of the free log analysis tools such as analog and AWStats would fit the bill. But here's the catch: they want to know not only what pages are visited by how many people and when, but also who logged in and did what. Your application is using form based authentication and therefore, everyone is anonymous in the web access log. What to do? This is a servlet filter that generates a web access log with authenticated user info that can be fed to log analysis tools such as analog and AWStats . Filter code (the output format is Apache...
Created by Dr. Xi on November 23, 2010 20:20:01    Last update: March 01, 2011 13:38:51
I tried to find a GZIP compression servlet filter to compress a large log file that we send down to the browser. Most of the implementations I found were overly complicated and many buggy. This is a simple implementation that worked for me. The filter: package filter.demo; import java.io.*; i... Config web.xml : <filter> <filter-name>gzipFilter</filte... The ugly anonymous inner class could have been avoided if the servlet API did not insist on ServletResponse.getOutputStream returning the bogus ServletOutputStream class (instead of the plain OutputStream ). Additional Note: In an earlier version of this filter, the gzip headers were added in doFilter , like this: // This is NOT good! if (supportsGzip) { ... It turned out that the ServletResponse methods sendError bypasses the gzip...
Created by Dr. Xi on July 19, 2010 21:58:34    Last update: July 23, 2010 21:37:23
Parsing XML in Java is really simple: import java.io.*; import javax.xml.parsers.Docu... The parser implementation details are hidden behind the JAXP API. In case you want to know which parser implementation is used, this is what the JavaDoc for DocumentBuilderFactory.newInstance says: Use the javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilderFactory system property. Use the properties file " lib/jaxp.properties " in the JRE directory. This configuration file is in standard java.util.Properties format and contains the fully qualified name of the implementation class with the key being the system property defined above. The jaxp.properties file is read only once by the JAXP implementation and it's values are then cached for future use. If the file does not exist when the first attempt is made to read from it, no further attempts are made to...
Created by Dr. Xi on June 20, 2010 14:35:17    Last update: June 20, 2010 14:35:17
This XML signature validator comes from the Apache XML Security project. It validates the signature according to the core validation processing rules . It does not verify that the key used to generate the signature is a trusted key. You can override the KeySelector class to make sure that the signing key is from a trusted store. import javax.xml.crypto.*; import javax.xml.cry...
Created by Dr. Xi on June 11, 2010 23:11:59    Last update: June 11, 2010 23:14:02
Given a simple XML file like this: <?xml version="1.0"?> <root id="1"> ... Calling Document.getElementById returns null (surprisingly!): import java.io.*; import org.w3c.dom.*; impo... In fact the JavaDoc says something along the lines that getElementById returns the Element that has an ID attribute with the given value. An attribute with the name "ID" or "id" is not of type ID unless it is so defined. How is an attribute defined as an ID attribute ? With a DTD or schema. If you are not validating the XML, then the API is useless. So, what to do if you want to find an element for which the attribute named "id" has a given value? Several options were offered in GetElementById Pitfalls . One of them is to...
Created by Fang on April 01, 2010 22:24:58    Last update: April 02, 2010 02:49:38
In this note I'll show you how to create and package a JSP custom tag. The purpose of this tag is to display a random splash image for a home page, among a set of images. We should be able to add or delete candidate splash images from the WAR archive without the need to change the JSP. This is the intended use of the tag: <%@ taglib uri="http://custom.tag.com/demo" prefix... In the above example you provide a set of images named splash*.png (e.g., splash1.png, spalsh2.png, ...), and the tag will pick a random one to display when the JSP is rendered. Let's get started. I'll use Maven for this purpose. Create the standard Maven directory structure ./pom.xml ./src ./src/main ./src/main/jav... pom.xml <project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"... SplashTag.java package tagdemo; import java.util.ArrayList......
Created by Dr. Xi on December 12, 2007 20:30:01    Last update: December 12, 2007 20:32:23
This is a script to tail a log file through the web browser. It uses AJAX, apache web server, mod_python, UNIX utilities tail (requires the --lines switch) and wc . The log file may reside on the web server or any other host accessible from the web server through SSH. Although it's written in python, it should be easy to port to other languages such as Perl. Apache httpd.conf : LoadModule python_module modules/mod_python.so ... Python script: import time, os from os.path import basename ...