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Created by Dr. Xi on March 08, 2013 11:40:49    Last update: March 08, 2013 11:40:49
From Version Control with Subversion, Chapter 4. Branching and Merging In Subversion, a global revision number N names a tree in the repository: it's the way the repository looked after the N th commit. It's also the name of an implicit changeset: if you compare tree N with tree N-1 , you can derive the exact patch that was committed. For this reason, it's easy to think of revision N as not just a tree, but a changeset as well. If you use an issue tracker to manage bugs, you can use the revision numbers to refer to particular patches that fix bugs—for example, “this issue was fixed by r9238.” Somebody can then run svn log -r 9238 to read about the exact changeset that...
Created by magnum on October 22, 2012 19:48:03    Last update: October 22, 2012 19:48:03
execl takes the full path name of the command and variable length of arguments terminated by NULL: execl("/bin/ls", "/bin/ls", "-r", "-t", "-l", NULL... where the second argument is argv[0] , but can be any string! execlp will try to find the command from $PATH , so full path to command is not needed: execl("ls", "ls", "-r", "-t", "-l", NULL); execv is the equivalent of execl , except that the arguments are passed in as a NULL terminated array: char *args[] = {"/bin/ls", "-r", "-t", "-l", NULL ... execvp is the equivalent of execvl , excep that the arguments are passed in as a NULL terminated array: char *args[] = {"ls", "-r", "-t", "-l", NULL }; ...
Created by freyo on August 17, 2011 12:29:46    Last update: August 17, 2011 12:29:46
In Android.mk , you can define LOCAL_JARJAR_RULES like this: LOCAL_JARJAR_RULES := $(LOCAL_PATH)/jarjar-rules.t... and in jarjar-rules.txt define a rule like this: rule org.bouncycastle.** com.android.@0 The build will change all org.bouncycastle to com.android.org.bouncycastle . Therefore, in your classes which are dependent on the library produced, the import statements should look like: import com.android.org.bouncycastle... Help for the jarjar utility (in prebuilt/common/jarjar/ ): $ java -jar jarjar-1.0rc8.jar Jar Jar Links - ...
Created by jinx on April 05, 2011 11:34:57    Last update: April 05, 2011 11:35:37
There are two variables you can use while writing command line applications with PHP - $argc and $argv : $argc is the number of arguments plus one (the name of the script running). $argv is an array containing the arguments, starting with the script name as number zero ( $argv[0] ). Example: #!/usr/bin/php <?php var_dump($argv); ?>
Created by Dr. Xi on February 28, 2011 12:29:19    Last update: February 28, 2011 12:30:40
The Unix shell passes these parameters to the shell script: Variable Meaning $* A single string representing all command line arguments separated by $IFS (internal field separator, usually a space) $@ A sequence of strings representing the command line arguments. $1,$2...$n $1 is the first argument, $2 is the second argument, and so on... $0 The name of the script itself. $# The number of arguments. Example shell script ( sharg.sh ): #!/bin/sh echo $# arguments passed to $0: $@ ... Output for ./sharg.sh "a b c d" : 1 arguments passed to ./sharg.sh: a b c d here ... Output for ./sharg.sh a "b c" d : 3 arguments passed to ./sharg.sh: a b c d here ...
Created by Dr. Xi on December 05, 2009 20:12:16    Last update: December 05, 2009 20:46:45
It's quite easy for Perl to open a pipe and read from it: $file = "nospace.txt"; open(IN, "cat $file |") ... But the code breaks when the file name contains a space: # This does not work! $file = "yes space.txt"; ... On Windows, these don't work either: # This does not work! $file = "yes space.txt"; ... You need to use a technique called Safe Pipe Opens : $file = "yes space.txt"; $prog = "cat"; ...
Created by Dr. Xi on December 04, 2009 04:33:05    Last update: December 04, 2009 04:33:05
Variable Meaning $_ The default or implicit variable. @_ Within a subroutine the array @_ contains the parameters passed to that subroutine. $a, $b Special package variables when using sort() $<digit> Contains the subpattern from the corresponding set of capturing parentheses from the last pattern match, not counting patterns matched in nested blocks that have been exited already. $. Current line number for the last filehandle accessed. $/ The input record separator, newline by default. $| If set to nonzero, forces a flush right away and after every write or print on the currently selected output channel. Default is 0 (regardless of whether the channel is really buffered by the system or not; $| tells you only whether you've asked Perl explicitly to flush after...
Created by Dr. Xi on September 29, 2008 23:03:40    Last update: September 29, 2008 23:04:08
Variables set automatically by shell: Variable Description $# Number of command-line arguments. $- Options currently in effect (arguments supplied to sh or to set). $? Exit value of last executed command. $$ Process number of current process. $! Process number of last background command. $0 First word; that is, command name. $n Individual arguments on command line (positional parameters). The Bourne shell allows only nine parameters to be referenced directly (n = 1-9); the Korn shell allows n to be greater than 9 if specified as ${n}. $* All arguments on command line ("$1 $2..."). $@ All arguments on command line, individually quoted ("$1" "$2" ...). Variables set automatically by Korn shell: Variable Description ERRNO Error number of last system call that failed. LINENO Current...
Created by Dr. Xi on September 23, 2008 20:43:58    Last update: September 23, 2008 20:43:58
Variable Description $0 The name of the ruby script file $* The command line arguments $$ Ruby interpreter's process ID $? Exit status of last executed child process $_ String last read by gets $. Line number last read by interpreter $! Last error message $@ Location of error $& String last matched by regexp $~ The last regexp match, as an array of subexpressions $n the nth subexpression in the last match (same as $~ ) $= Sase-insensitivity flag $/ Input record separator $\ Output record separator