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Created by Dr. Xi on March 22, 2013 12:18:39    Last update: March 22, 2013 12:18:39
This is a step-by-step guide to create a "contract-first" web service with Apache CXF. It's a lot easier than doing the same thing with Spring-WS. The project uses standard Maven directory layout. Define the data types ( src/main/resources/hello.xsd ): <xs:schema xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/200... Define the service ( src/main/resources/hello.wsdl ): <?xml version='1.1' encoding='UTF-8'?> <wsdl:de... Create pom.xml : <project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.... Generate jaxb bindings: $ mvn generate-sources Code the web service ( src/main/java/com/example/cxfdemo/HelloPortImpl.java ): package com.example.cxfdemo; import javax.j... Declare the CXF servlet in web.xml ( src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/web.xml ): <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <web-app... Wire up the web service implementation ( src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/cxf-servlet.xml ): <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <beans x... Build the WAR: $ mvn clean package After the webapp is deployed (Tomcat running on port 8080), the web service (WSDL) is available via...
Created by Fang on January 10, 2010 00:19:30    Last update: January 31, 2012 16:28:42
Maven is a powerful yet complex tool. When I started learning Maven, the first obstacle was, of course, its complexity. The second, was the lack of documentation that can get me off the ground quickly. This tutorial is an attempt to create a pragmatic guide that aims to get you familiar with Maven in the quickest way possible. The main theme is to get you on some hands on experience to start out and lead you through the creation of a simple Java EE project as quickly as possible. Instead of trying to give you a good read, I try to get you on the journey right away. The topics are roughly ordered by the logical sequence but you can jump around in any way...
Created by Fang on January 31, 2012 15:40:34    Last update: January 31, 2012 15:41:28
This is a simple Hello World application with Spring 3 MVC. Like the default Apache HTTPd welcome page, it displays " It works! " when successfully deployed. The sole purpose is to show the minimum elements needed to setup Spring 3 MVC. I use Maven since it's so much easier than downloading the dependencies manually. Directory layout: ./src ./src/main ./src/main/webapp ./src/... pom.xml : <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <project... WEB-INF/web.xml : <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <web-app... WEB-INF/applicationContext.xml (empty, but needed): <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <beans x... WEB-INF/spring-servlet.xml : <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <beans x... WEB-INF/jsp/home.jsp : <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <title>H... Build with: mvn clean package The resulting webapp is target/springmvc.war .
Created by Fang on January 28, 2012 13:24:09    Last update: January 28, 2012 13:31:22
This is a simple JSP custom tags library with tag body. Just like the JSF counterpart , it splits a string and repeats the body for each word, i.e., with this markup: <%@ taglib uri="http://custom.tag.com/demo" prefix... output: <html> <body> <p>Hello Tigger!</p> <p>H... With Maven, this is the directory structure: ./src ./src/main ./src/main/resources ./s... There are three files to write: pom.xml : <project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"... src/main/java/tagdemo/IterateTag.java : package tagdemo; import java.io.IOException... src/main/resources/META-INF/demotag.tld : <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <!DO... Build with: mvn clean install To use it as a dependency in other Maven projects: <dependency> <groupId>tag-demo</groupId> ...
Created by nogeek on December 30, 2011 13:25:28    Last update: December 30, 2011 13:57:37
By default, tomcat uses an enhanced java.util.logging implementation called JULI, which can be configured at two different levels: Globally, with the ${catalina.base}/conf/logging.properties file. Per web application, with WEB-INF/classes/logging.properties . The configuration file is a normal Java properties file: Logging handlers are specified with the handlers property. handlers = 1catalina.org.apache.juli.FileHandler, ... The root logger can define its set of handlers using the .handlers property. .handlers = 1catalina.org.apache.juli.FileHandler,... A prefix may be added to handler names. The prefix starts with a digit and ends with a dot ( . ), for example: # 1catalina. is a prefix 1catalina.org.apache.j... System property replacement is performed for property values which contain ${systemPropertyName} . Each handler can have its own specific properties: 3manager.org.apache.juli.FileHandler.level = FINE ... Loggers can define their own...
Created by nogeek on December 29, 2011 13:31:44    Last update: December 29, 2011 14:29:13
Tomcat allows you to create multiple server instances for the same installation. The installation directory is identified as CATALINA_HOME , the instance directory is identified as CATALINA_BASE . Here are the steps: Create a base directory for the new instance, for example: /home/nogeek/tomcat1 . Create the subdirectories: mkdir -p /home/nogeek/tomcat/{bin,conf,logs,temp,w... Copy web.xml from the installation directory: cp $CATALINA_HOME/conf/web.xml /home/nogeek/tomcat... Copy logging.properties from the installation directory: cp $CATALINA_HOME/conf/logging.properties /home/no... Create server.xml under tomcat1/conf : <?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?> <Server ... Create script setenv.sh under tomcat1/bin : # Edit this file to set custom options # Tomcat... Copy startup.sh and shutdown.sh from the installation directory. Add the following two lines to the beginning of each: CATALINA_BASE=/home/nogeek/tomcat1 export CATAL... Create a soft link for catalina.sh in tomcat1/bin : $ ln -s ~/apache-tomcat-7.0.22/bin/catalina.sh cat...
Created by Fang on September 07, 2009 20:44:15    Last update: November 03, 2011 14:43:19
Step 1: Repackage a web app as EAR A Java EE application is a multimodule Maven project. At the very least you'll need to package a WAR and an EAR. To get started, I'll simply re-package the simple webapp as an EAR. Create a directory named javaee-app Copy the webapp from here to javaee-app . Rename struts1app to webapp . Create pom.xml under javaee-app : <project> <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>... Create a directory named ear under javaee-app . Create pom.xml under ear : <project> <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>... Modify pom.xml in the webapp directory so that it looks like this: <project> <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion> ... Build with " mvn package " in the javaee-app directory. You can see that ear-1.0.ear is successfully generated in javaee-app/ear/target . Maven successfully resolves dependencies between the sub-projects....
Created by Fang on October 30, 2011 20:35:17    Last update: October 30, 2011 20:37:03
This note lists some of the different behaviors I found using different JSF implementations. In the simple JSF facelet example, I used Sun's reference implementation version 2.0.0-RC: <dependency> <groupId>javax.faces</gro... With this version, the DOCTYPE declaration is dropped when the page is rendered. It doesn't matter what DOCTYPE you declare in your templates, the facelet engine simply drops it. The problem with this is, your page is always displayed in quirks mode , despite your intentions to require standards compliant mode. The DOCTYPE problem is fixed in release 2.0.2-FCS . Change the dependency in pom.xml to: <dependency> <groupId>javax.faces</gro... and test again, you'll find that DOCTYPE is faithfully passed over to the browser (view source at browser). You can delete the DOCTYPE declaration in the xhtml template...
Created by Dr. Xi on January 14, 2010 00:28:27    Last update: March 30, 2011 15:37:44
A task that a Java developer does so frequently is to find out where a certain class can be found - to resolve compilation errors, classpath issues, or version conflicts of the same class introduced by multiple class loaders. A long while back I wrote a simple Perl script to perform the task. Later I was informed that there are Swing based Jar Browser and Jars Browser . Then, there are a couple of shell one-liners: # one liner 1 find -name "*.jar" -print0 | xarg... But all of them share the same problem: if a class is in a jar nested in another jar, it cannot be found. Such is the case for a class inside a jar under the WEB-INF/lib directory of a...
Created by Dr. Xi on February 01, 2011 14:38:55    Last update: February 01, 2011 14:40:59
Create the stuff you want to manufacture with the factory: package tc.demo; public class Junk { ... Create the factory: package tc.demo; import java.util.Enumerati... Tell Tomcat to use your factory. Create file context.xml and put it under the directory META-INF of your web application: <Context> <Resource name="/find/junk/here" ... Note that beside name , type and factory , you can put any arbitrary attribute in the Resource element. Access the thing with JNDI: <%@page language="java" import="javax.naming.*,tc.... The server side log looked like this: INFO: jndiName: here INFO: name: scope, value: ... Also note that, in contrast to Tomcat documentation , resource-ref is not needed in web.xml .
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