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Created by Dr. Xi on March 28, 2011 11:11:33    Last update: March 28, 2011 11:13:21
grep is a versatile command with many variations (grep, egrep, fgrep, then various implementations). It uses a regula expression (regex) pattern to filter input. But then there are basic and extended flavors of regex - leading to even more confusion. And, beware that there are lots of bad examples of regex in the wild... There are two critical questions to ask when you use grep: which grep implementation are you using? what is the flavor of the regex? Here are some examples for gnu grep v2.7: # Find all numbers (no decimal point), basic regex... Use the -o flag to show only the matching part instead of the whole matching line: grep -o -E '\b[0-9]{2}\b' The good thing about the gnu grep is that it...
Created by Dr. Xi on March 02, 2011 11:39:18    Last update: March 09, 2011 12:19:30
Some peculiarities about Java PrintWriter: PrintWriter never throws any exceptions. From JavaDoc : Methods in this class never throw I/O exceptions, although some of its constructors may. The client may inquire as to whether any errors have occurred by invoking checkError(). When error occurs, you'll never know anything more than that it occured, because checkError returns boolean. When a character is out of the range of the character encoding of the PrintWriter, it prints a question mark (?). But this is not an error. Test code: import java.io.*; public class TestPrintWri... Latin1 test result: java TestPrintWriter iso-8859-1 | od -bc 000000... UTF-8 test result: java TestPrintWriter utf-8 | od -bc 0000000 141... Also, the constructor throws a FileNotFoundException when you try to write to a...
Created by Dr. Xi on September 17, 2010 21:29:47    Last update: September 17, 2010 21:31:43
With JBoss (Tomcat?), the servlet container always appends the default charset ISO-8859-1 to the Content-Type header of a JSP response. For example, if you are using JSP to render PDF and put the following declaration at the top of the JSP: <%@ page contentType="application/pdf"%> These would be the headers in the HTTP response (notice that charset=ISO-8859-1 was appended to Content-Type ): HTTP/1.1 200 OK Server: Apache-Coyote/1.1 X-... And the output would be truncated a few bytes before non-ASCII characters were encountered, without any error messages ! Maybe you don't intend to output binary files with JSP, but still your response would be truncated without warning if the page happens to contain any non-ASCII characters (when the charset is the default charset=ISO-8859-1 ). However, if you...
Created by Dr. Xi on December 04, 2009 04:33:05    Last update: December 04, 2009 04:33:05
Variable Meaning $_ The default or implicit variable. @_ Within a subroutine the array @_ contains the parameters passed to that subroutine. $a, $b Special package variables when using sort() $<digit> Contains the subpattern from the corresponding set of capturing parentheses from the last pattern match, not counting patterns matched in nested blocks that have been exited already. $. Current line number for the last filehandle accessed. $/ The input record separator, newline by default. $| If set to nonzero, forces a flush right away and after every write or print on the currently selected output channel. Default is 0 (regardless of whether the channel is really buffered by the system or not; $| tells you only whether you've asked Perl explicitly to flush after...