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Created by magnum on September 11, 2012 11:59:43 Last update: September 11, 2012 11:59:43
Exerpt from bash documentation. HISTORY EXPANSION The bash shell supports a history expansion feature that is similar to the history expansion in csh. This feature is enabled by default for interactive shells, and can be disabled using the +H option to the set builtin command. Non-interactive shells do not perform history expansion by default. History expansions introduce words from the history list into the input stream, making it easy to repeat commands, insert the arguments to a previous command into the current input line, or fix errors in previous commands quickly. History expansion is performed immediately after a complete line is read, before the shell breaks it into words. It takes place in two parts. The first is to determine which line from the history...
Created by Dr. Xi on April 26, 2011 20:12:01 Last update: April 28, 2011 15:28:12
An XML schema is a definition of XML files, in XML. It plays the same role as old-time DTDs. Overall, an XML schema file looks like this:
<schema attributeFormDefault = (qualified | u...The attribute meanings: targetNamespace : The name space targeted by the current schema definition. It can be any URI. id and version : For user convenience, the W3C spec defines no semantics for them. xml:lang : Natural language identifier defined by RFC 3306 . attributeFormDefault and elementFormDefault : Set default values for the form attribute for attribute and element declarations. blockDefault and finalDefault : Set default values for the block and final attributes for attribute and element declarations. The W3C defined some built-in datatypes . Examples of primitive datatypes are: string ,...
Created by Dr. Xi on March 02, 2011 11:39:18 Last update: March 09, 2011 12:19:30
Some peculiarities about Java PrintWriter: PrintWriter never throws any exceptions. From JavaDoc : Methods in this class never throw I/O exceptions, although some of its constructors may. The client may inquire as to whether any errors have occurred by invoking checkError(). When error occurs, you'll never know anything more than that it occured, because checkError returns boolean. When a character is out of the range of the character encoding of the PrintWriter, it prints a question mark (?). But this is not an error. Test code:
import java.io.*; public class TestPrintWri...Latin1 test result:
java TestPrintWriter iso-8859-1 | od -bc 000000...UTF-8 test result:
java TestPrintWriter utf-8 | od -bc 0000000 141...Also, the constructor throws a FileNotFoundException when you try to write to a...
Created by Dr. Xi on December 04, 2009 04:33:05 Last update: December 04, 2009 04:33:05
Variable Meaning $_ The default or implicit variable. @_ Within a subroutine the array @_ contains the parameters passed to that subroutine. $a, $b Special package variables when using sort() $<digit> Contains the subpattern from the corresponding set of capturing parentheses from the last pattern match, not counting patterns matched in nested blocks that have been exited already. $. Current line number for the last filehandle accessed. $/ The input record separator, newline by default. $| If set to nonzero, forces a flush right away and after every write or print on the currently selected output channel. Default is 0 (regardless of whether the channel is really buffered by the system or not; $| tells you only whether you've asked Perl explicitly to flush after...
Created by Dr. Xi on September 21, 2008 21:04:24 Last update: September 21, 2008 22:27:36
IE uses Notepad as the default editor when you select "View Source" from a web page. You can change it to your favorite editor by adding a couple of keys to the registry: Start regedit Navigate to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\ Add key View Source Editor Under View Source Editor , add key Editor Name Change the default string value to the full path of your favorite editor. The following is the registry entry for vim (full tip for vim is available from the vim wiki ):
Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00 [HKEY_...It is probably easier (less error prone) to edit this in a file and import it back into the registry. The contents of gvim.vbs are:
'--- gVim.vbs ------------------------------------...It is OK to use gvim.exe...