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Created by Fang on February 21, 2012 20:33:58    Last update: February 21, 2012 20:33:58
You can customize Tomcat error page with error code: <error-page> <error-code>404</error-code> ... or Java exception type: <error-page> <exception-type>java.lang.Throwab... Either error-code or exception-type is required, but not both. There's no way to aggregate error codes, such as: <!-- This does not work! --> <error-page> ... Customizing error pages is about the only way to suppress the default stack trace in Tomcat in case of an unhandled exception.
Created by Dr. Xi on April 26, 2011 20:12:01    Last update: April 28, 2011 15:28:12
An XML schema is a definition of XML files, in XML. It plays the same role as old-time DTDs. Overall, an XML schema file looks like this: <schema attributeFormDefault = (qualified | u... The attribute meanings: targetNamespace : The name space targeted by the current schema definition. It can be any URI. id and version : For user convenience, the W3C spec defines no semantics for them. xml:lang : Natural language identifier defined by RFC 3306 . attributeFormDefault and elementFormDefault : Set default values for the form attribute for attribute and element declarations. blockDefault and finalDefault : Set default values for the block and final attributes for attribute and element declarations. The W3C defined some built-in datatypes . Examples of primitive datatypes are: string ,...
Created by Fang on July 17, 2010 03:16:53    Last update: July 17, 2010 03:18:25
This error happens when the ordering of elements in web.xml is not correct. For example, in a <servlet> declaration, <servlet-name> should come before <servlet-class> . If you switch the order of <servlet-name> and <servlet-class> , you'll get this error. This was my stack trace in JBoss when I declared <load-on-startup> before <init-param> for a servlet: DEPLOYMENTS IN ERROR: Deployment "vfszip:/C:/...
Created by Dr. Xi on February 13, 2010 22:52:18    Last update: February 13, 2010 22:52:18
This runtime error happens when the Sun EL implementation is not available. Look for the class com.sun.el.ExpressionFactoryImpl in your deployment package, you probably won't find it, or you'll find a version that can't be loaded in your deployment environment. If you are using Maven to build, you can add the following repository and dependency in pom.xml : <!-- Project dependencies --> <dependencies...
Created by Dr. Xi on February 12, 2010 22:39:15    Last update: February 12, 2010 22:39:15
When you start Tomcat for the first time, you may get the "port 8080 is already in use" error. Indeed, port 8080 is commonly used by a lot of development servers by default (Oracle XE for another example). Luckily, it's quite easy to ask Tomcat to use a different port. I use port 8086, which is a natural next step and superior to 8080. Simply edit $CATALINA_BASE/conf/server.xml and change 8080 to 8086: <!-- A "Connector" represents an endpoint by w... If you have not configured Tomcat 6 for multiple instances by setting a CATALINA_BASE directory, then $CATALINA_BASE will be set to the value of $CATALINA_HOME , the directory into which you have installed Tomcat 6.
Created by Dr. Xi on August 15, 2007 18:08:34    Last update: November 08, 2007 22:00:01
I had this problem when deploying a J2EE application into Oracle app server. It worked fine with an OC4J container configured in the default group. But it failed to start with an OC4J container I created. Here's a sample stack trace of the initialization exception: 07/08/14 13:32:46.34 10.1.3.3.0 Started 07/08/1... The problem was, the struts ActionServlet loads commons logging LogFactory, the log factory somehow knows that it needs log4j, but it can't load log4j since it's loaded by a different class loader. The solution for Oracle is to omit commons logging from the list of inherited libraries. Add this to META-INF/orion-application.xml solves the problem: <imported-shared-libraries> <remove-inhe... Actually, this is a quite common problem with commons-logging. If you search the web, you'll find that people have...