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Created by James on October 16, 2013 09:14:24    Last update: October 16, 2013 09:14:24
The initial attempt was to compile the bunch of LESS files with: lessc less/* But then I got errors like: NameError: variable @line-height-computed is undef... The order of LESS files listed is important. Variables are defined in variables.less , so it should be listed first. For Bootstrap, the ordering is defined in bootstrap.less . So all you have to do is ( this is the right way ): lessc bootstrap.less bootstrap-compiled.css Just for the reference, this is the content of bpptstrap.css : /*! * Bootstrap v3.0.0 * * Copyright 2...
Created by Dr. Xi on April 20, 2011 21:44:15    Last update: May 02, 2011 20:56:58
The String.format() method provides versatile formatting capabilities. This tutorial tries to present these capabilities in a accessible manner. The format string A format string can contain zero, one, or more format specifiers . The general form of a format specifier is: %[argument_index$] [flags] [width] [.precision]co... where things in square brackets are optional, and conversion is a character indicating the conversion to be applied to the corresponding variable value. The only required characters in the format specifier is the percent sign % and the conversion character. A simple example: public static void simpleFormat() { System.out... The Argument index The argument index is specified by a number, terminated by the dollar sign $ . The same argument may be repeated multiple times in a format string. Unindexed...
Created by jk34 on April 19, 2011 15:42:24    Last update: April 19, 2011 15:42:24
Check the __name__ variable to see if the Python module was invoked from the command line. The line prints when the Python script is called from the command line, but doesn't print when it is imported by another Python module with import MyModule . if __name__ == '__main__': print 'Invoked f...
Created by Dr. Xi on February 28, 2011 12:29:19    Last update: February 28, 2011 12:30:40
The Unix shell passes these parameters to the shell script: Variable Meaning $* A single string representing all command line arguments separated by $IFS (internal field separator, usually a space) $@ A sequence of strings representing the command line arguments. $1,$2...$n $1 is the first argument, $2 is the second argument, and so on... $0 The name of the script itself. $# The number of arguments. Example shell script ( sharg.sh ): #!/bin/sh echo $# arguments passed to $0: $@ ... Output for ./sharg.sh "a b c d" : 1 arguments passed to ./sharg.sh: a b c d here ... Output for ./sharg.sh a "b c" d : 3 arguments passed to ./sharg.sh: a b c d here ...
Created by Dr. Xi on February 09, 2011 13:27:51    Last update: February 09, 2011 13:27:51
By the perldoc , use Module LIST; is exactly equivalent to: BEGIN { require Module; Module->import( LIST); } Because of the BEGIN block, use is executed immediately. Therefore, it is not suitable for lazy loading of modules at runtime. use does not work with a runtime variable: C:\>perl $cgi = "CGI"; require $cgi; prin... require works: C:\>perl $cgi = 'CGI'; require "${cgi}.pm"; ... Also, file extension is required if require is not passed a bareword: // this works require CGI; // so does th...
Created by Dr. Xi on December 05, 2009 20:12:16    Last update: December 05, 2009 20:46:45
It's quite easy for Perl to open a pipe and read from it: $file = "nospace.txt"; open(IN, "cat $file |") ... But the code breaks when the file name contains a space: # This does not work! $file = "yes space.txt"; ... On Windows, these don't work either: # This does not work! $file = "yes space.txt"; ... You need to use a technique called Safe Pipe Opens : $file = "yes space.txt"; $prog = "cat"; ...
Created by Dr. Xi on December 04, 2009 04:33:05    Last update: December 04, 2009 04:33:05
Variable Meaning $_ The default or implicit variable. @_ Within a subroutine the array @_ contains the parameters passed to that subroutine. $a, $b Special package variables when using sort() $<digit> Contains the subpattern from the corresponding set of capturing parentheses from the last pattern match, not counting patterns matched in nested blocks that have been exited already. $. Current line number for the last filehandle accessed. $/ The input record separator, newline by default. $| If set to nonzero, forces a flush right away and after every write or print on the currently selected output channel. Default is 0 (regardless of whether the channel is really buffered by the system or not; $| tells you only whether you've asked Perl explicitly to flush after...