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Created by Dr. Xi on April 20, 2011 21:44:15    Last update: May 02, 2011 20:56:58
The String.format() method provides versatile formatting capabilities. This tutorial tries to present these capabilities in a accessible manner. The format string A format string can contain zero, one, or more format specifiers . The general form of a format specifier is: %[argument_index$] [flags] [width] [.precision]co... where things in square brackets are optional, and conversion is a character indicating the conversion to be applied to the corresponding variable value. The only required characters in the format specifier is the percent sign % and the conversion character. A simple example: public static void simpleFormat() { System.out... The Argument index The argument index is specified by a number, terminated by the dollar sign $ . The same argument may be repeated multiple times in a format string. Unindexed...
Created by Dr. Xi on January 14, 2010 00:28:27    Last update: March 30, 2011 15:37:44
A task that a Java developer does so frequently is to find out where a certain class can be found - to resolve compilation errors, classpath issues, or version conflicts of the same class introduced by multiple class loaders. A long while back I wrote a simple Perl script to perform the task. Later I was informed that there are Swing based Jar Browser and Jars Browser . Then, there are a couple of shell one-liners: # one liner 1 find -name "*.jar" -print0 | xarg... But all of them share the same problem: if a class is in a jar nested in another jar, it cannot be found. Such is the case for a class inside a jar under the WEB-INF/lib directory of a...
Created by Dr. Xi on June 20, 2010 14:35:17    Last update: June 20, 2010 14:35:17
This XML signature validator comes from the Apache XML Security project. It validates the signature according to the core validation processing rules . It does not verify that the key used to generate the signature is a trusted key. You can override the KeySelector class to make sure that the signing key is from a trusted store. import javax.xml.crypto.*; import javax.xml.cry...
Created by Dr. Xi on June 19, 2010 04:34:01    Last update: June 19, 2010 04:39:13
Java SE 6 contains built-in utilities to generate XML signatures. This is an example that generates XML signatures using a Java keystore. It has options to generate signature for the whole document, for an element with a specific ID, or for elements matched by an XPATH expression. The XML document used to test is taken from Getting Started with XML Security : <?xml version="1.0"?> <PatientRecord> ... This is the Java code: import java.io.FileInputStream; import java.io.... However, it looks like the XPATH transform is not working. The digest generated with XPATH filter is exactly the same as that without it (i.e., the whole document)! Another reference: Programming With the Java XML Digital Signature API