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Created by alfa on June 03, 2011 09:41:03    Last update: June 03, 2011 09:41:03
Dynamic proxy can be used to eliminate the need to stub out unused interface methods. This is an example for a simple SAX content handler for XML parsing. The org.xml.sax.ContentHandler interface requires 11 methods be implemented but we only need three: import java.io.IOException; import java.util.Ar... With a dynamic proxy, we don't need the empty blocks for the unused methods: import java.io.IOException; import java.util.Ar... Equivalently (with anonymous inner class): import java.io.IOException; import java.util.Ar... demo.xml : <breakfast-menu> <food> <name>Belgian W...
Created by alfa on June 02, 2011 13:51:41    Last update: June 02, 2011 13:51:41
This may be helpful in debugging reflection code. import java.lang.reflect.Modifier; public c...
Created by Dr. Xi on April 20, 2011 21:44:15    Last update: May 02, 2011 20:56:58
The String.format() method provides versatile formatting capabilities. This tutorial tries to present these capabilities in a accessible manner. The format string A format string can contain zero, one, or more format specifiers . The general form of a format specifier is: %[argument_index$] [flags] [width] [.precision]co... where things in square brackets are optional, and conversion is a character indicating the conversion to be applied to the corresponding variable value. The only required characters in the format specifier is the percent sign % and the conversion character. A simple example: public static void simpleFormat() { System.out... The Argument index The argument index is specified by a number, terminated by the dollar sign $ . The same argument may be repeated multiple times in a format string. Unindexed...
Created by jinx on April 19, 2011 20:43:02    Last update: April 19, 2011 20:43:02
A literal PHP string can be enclosed between single quotes or double quotes. For single quoted string, nothing is escaped except \\ and \' , which represents a literal backslash and literal single-quote. You can also have octal and hex escapes double quoted literal strings. <?php print 'A single quoted string' . "\n"... Outputs: A single quoted string A double quoted string ...
Created by Dr. Xi on April 18, 2011 12:10:37    Last update: April 18, 2011 12:14:24
Python defines a long list of special methods to customize class behavior. This is a short list for the Basic Customizations . Method Description object.__new__(cls[, ...]) Called to create a new instance of class cls. __new__() is a static method (special-cased so you need not declare it as such) that takes the class of which an instance was requested as its first argument. __new__() is intended mainly to allow subclasses of immutable types (like int, str, or tuple) to customize instance creation. It is also commonly overridden in custom metaclasses in order to customize class creation. object.__init__(self[,...]) Called when the instance is created. The arguments are those passed to the class constructor expression. If a base class has an __init__() method, the derived class’s __init__()...
Created by Dr. Xi on March 29, 2011 16:06:57    Last update: April 01, 2011 12:33:52
This utility class retrieves SSL certificates from the server and print them out to the stdout. The output can be saved to a file and imported to a Java keystore. This is useful in your test environment where the SSL certificate is self-signed. import java.io.InputStream; import java.io.Outp... Retrieve and import the a certificate: E:\test>java RetrieveSSLCert 192.168.69.144 8081 >...
Created by meiu on March 31, 2011 20:05:53    Last update: March 31, 2011 20:05:53
The Java exclusive or operator is ^ . This example uses it to reverse an integer array: public class ExclusiveOrExample { public st...
Created by Bambi on March 30, 2011 09:40:18    Last update: March 30, 2011 09:40:18
In Java, use PrintStream.printf with %x to print an integer as hex. public class PrintHex { public static void ...
Created by Dr. Xi on October 16, 2008 20:45:40    Last update: March 28, 2011 20:23:22
Java's built-in classes are way too complex/flexible for a simple protocol like HTTP. This is a wrapper to simplify HTTP GET and POST. import java.io.*; import java.net.*; imp... A simple test: import java.io.*; import java.util.*; ...
Created by Dr. Xi on March 02, 2011 11:39:18    Last update: March 09, 2011 12:19:30
Some peculiarities about Java PrintWriter: PrintWriter never throws any exceptions. From JavaDoc : Methods in this class never throw I/O exceptions, although some of its constructors may. The client may inquire as to whether any errors have occurred by invoking checkError(). When error occurs, you'll never know anything more than that it occured, because checkError returns boolean. When a character is out of the range of the character encoding of the PrintWriter, it prints a question mark (?). But this is not an error. Test code: import java.io.*; public class TestPrintWri... Latin1 test result: java TestPrintWriter iso-8859-1 | od -bc 000000... UTF-8 test result: java TestPrintWriter utf-8 | od -bc 0000000 141... Also, the constructor throws a FileNotFoundException when you try to write to a...
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