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Created by Dr. Xi on February 28, 2011 12:29:19    Last update: February 28, 2011 12:30:40
The Unix shell passes these parameters to the shell script: Variable Meaning $* A single string representing all command line arguments separated by $IFS (internal field separator, usually a space) $@ A sequence of strings representing the command line arguments. $1,$2...$n $1 is the first argument, $2 is the second argument, and so on... $0 The name of the script itself. $# The number of arguments. Example shell script ( ): #!/bin/sh echo $# arguments passed to $0: $@ ... Output for ./ "a b c d" : 1 arguments passed to ./ a b c d here ... Output for ./ a "b c" d : 3 arguments passed to ./ a b c d here ...
Created by Dr. Xi on December 04, 2009 04:33:05    Last update: December 04, 2009 04:33:05
Variable Meaning $_ The default or implicit variable. @_ Within a subroutine the array @_ contains the parameters passed to that subroutine. $a, $b Special package variables when using sort() $<digit> Contains the subpattern from the corresponding set of capturing parentheses from the last pattern match, not counting patterns matched in nested blocks that have been exited already. $. Current line number for the last filehandle accessed. $/ The input record separator, newline by default. $| If set to nonzero, forces a flush right away and after every write or print on the currently selected output channel. Default is 0 (regardless of whether the channel is really buffered by the system or not; $| tells you only whether you've asked Perl explicitly to flush after...
Created by Dr. Xi on May 29, 2007 03:48:01    Last update: May 29, 2007 03:49:54
The following applies to Bourne, Korn and Bash: $var or ${var} Replaced by the value of var . Use braces to avoid ambiguity. ${var-value} Use the value of var if set, use value otherwise. ${var+value} Use the value of value if var is set, use nothing otherwise. ${var=value} Use the value of var if set, other wise, use value and assign value to var . ${var?value} Use the value of var ; otherwise, print value to standard error and exit the current shell. If value is omitted, a standard error message is printed instead.