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Created by Fang on February 16, 2012 12:27:55    Last update: February 16, 2012 12:34:58
Here are some ways to run a main method using Maven: Use the exec plugin: mvn exec:java -Dexec.mainClass="com.example.App" or, with arguments: mvn exec:java -Dexec.mainClass="com.example.App" -... Attach it to a build phase with the build element: <build> <plugins> <plugin> ... If you want to run main from Maven, it's probably just some test code. You are better off just to write a test case, or call the main method from a test class: package com.example; import junit.framework...
Created by Fang on December 06, 2011 19:03:25    Last update: December 07, 2011 08:54:11
Our custom tag, as implemented in the previous note , is broken when a template is used. Create a template file ( home-template.xhtml ): <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Stric... and a test page that uses it ( home.xhtml ): <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <ui:comp... Then request the page with URL: http://localhost:8080/facelet-demo/home.jsf?name=Jack . You'll find that our hello tag works inside ui:repeat but fails to get the value defined by ui:param ! What's the problem? Our hello tag implementation evaluated the EL with the wrong EL context! This is the corrected implementation: package com.example; import java.io.IOExcep...
Created by Fang on November 10, 2011 13:19:13    Last update: December 01, 2011 19:10:43
You can add custom implicit variables to JSF pages by using a custom EL resolver, in two simple steps: Write an ELResolver class to resolve the variable Add the ELResolver to faces-config.xml Starting from the Maven Hello World example: Add faces API and EL dependencies to pom.xml : <dependencies> <dependency> <groupId>o... Add a simple greeter class ( src/main/java/com/example/Greeter.java ): package com.example; public class Greeter {... Add our custom EL resolver ( src/main/java/com/example/ELResolver.java ): package com.example; import java.util.Itera... Add the custom EL resolver to src/main/resources/META-INF/faces-config.xml <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <faces-c... Build JAR with mvn package Drop the JAR into WEB-INF/lib of a webapp and test the new EL with: <h:outputText value="#{Greeter.sayHi('Mike')}"/> Fixed: the setValue method used to throw an exception, which is wrong. @Override public void setValue(ELContext ctx, O......
Created by Fang on November 21, 2011 15:57:49    Last update: November 22, 2011 09:51:26
The improved custom taglib works with existing facelet ui taglibs. For example: <ui:param name="theName" value="John"/> <my:hel... produces the expected output. However, a problem exists with the ui:repeat tag: <h3>With ui:repeat</h3> <ui:repeat var="theName... When tested with a URL like: http://localhost:8080/facelet-demo/?name=Zack&name... the raw EL prints out the correct names, but my custom tag substitutes empty string for theName2 ! In theory, the response is rendered in the Render Response phase, way after the Apply Request Values phase, actual values should be available to EL. The answer to this anomaly turned out to be very deep ! Yes, right there in the code! I would consider this a bug in facelets implementation, but the JSF spec did not tell what the expected behavior should be. In my custom...
Created by Fang on November 21, 2011 13:49:11    Last update: November 21, 2011 13:49:11
In the test for the simple taglib example , I used a literal string for the name attribute: <my:hello name="Jack"/> What happens if the name attribute contains EL expresson? For example: <my:hello name="#{param['name']}"/> If EL works, the tag should take the value of the " name " request parameter and print it out. But the tag as implemented in the simple taglib example prints the literal string: Hello #{param['name']}! I am FaceletTag. In order to make a tag to recognize EL, we have to use TagAttribute.getValue(FaceletContext ctx) instead of TagAttribute.getValue() . The latter returns the literal value of the attribute. The HelloTagHandler should be changed to: package com.example; import java.io.IOExcep... Rebuild the taglib and test with a URL like this: http://localhost:8080/facelet-test/?name=Jack The tag will print:...
Created by Fang on November 03, 2011 19:47:38    Last update: November 08, 2011 20:24:47
This is a step-by-step example to create a really simple facelet taglib (in JSF 2 with Maven). Create a simple Maven project with: mvn archetype:create -DgroupId=com.example -Dartif... Three files are created as a result: pom.xml src/main/java/com/example/App.java src/test/java/com/example/AppTest.java This project should be able to build with: mvn package Add facelet API dependencies to pom.xml : <project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.... The compiler plugin section is optional. Remove src/main/java/com/example/App.java , create a new Java class as the facelet Tag Handler ( HelloTagHandler.java ): package com.example; import java.io.IOExcep... This tag handler simply prints a "Hello" message. Create facelet tag declaration file src/main/resources/META-INF/hello.taglib.xml : <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <facelet... Build the JAR with mvn clean package Optionally, install it to the local repository: mvn install To use the taglib, simply drop the...
Created by Dr. Xi on March 02, 2011 11:39:18    Last update: March 09, 2011 12:19:30
Some peculiarities about Java PrintWriter: PrintWriter never throws any exceptions. From JavaDoc : Methods in this class never throw I/O exceptions, although some of its constructors may. The client may inquire as to whether any errors have occurred by invoking checkError(). When error occurs, you'll never know anything more than that it occured, because checkError returns boolean. When a character is out of the range of the character encoding of the PrintWriter, it prints a question mark (?). But this is not an error. Test code: import java.io.*; public class TestPrintWri... Latin1 test result: java TestPrintWriter iso-8859-1 | od -bc 000000... UTF-8 test result: java TestPrintWriter utf-8 | od -bc 0000000 141... Also, the constructor throws a FileNotFoundException when you try to write to a...
Created by voodoo on July 11, 2009 15:14:55    Last update: July 29, 2010 22:45:48
cURL is a command line tool for transferring files with URL syntax. The main purpose and use for cURL is to automate unattended file transfers or sequences of operations. It's really easy to see HTTP headers with curl: C:\>curl --head http://www.google.com HTTP/1.0 ... or, headers and page together (dump headers to stdout): $ curl --dump-header - http://www.google.com HTTP/... Download openssl from openssl.org: curl http://www.openssl.org/source/openssl-0.9.6m.... C:\>curl --help Usage: curl [options...] <url> ...
Created by Dr. Xi on January 08, 2010 03:53:37    Last update: January 08, 2010 03:54:56
This is an Ant custom task to merge Properties files I lifted from http://marc.info/?l=ant-user&m=106442688632164&w=2 , with some minor bug fixes. Example usage: <taskdef name="mergeProperty" classname="ant.task.... Implementation: package ant.task.addon; import java.io.Buff...
Created by Fang on September 07, 2009 16:39:37    Last update: September 07, 2009 18:43:04
It's easiest to use the archetype plugin to start a new Maven project. I'll use struts 1 as example since it's not in the built-in archetypes for archetype:generate . Generate a simple webapp with archetype:generate : C:\work\maven>mvn archetype:generate -DarchetypeAr... It generates a directory structure like this: struts1app struts1app/pom.xml struts1app/src... with a simple POM: <project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"... Create settings.xml in $HOME/.m2 , add Java.net repository for Java EE dependencies: <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <setting... Add Java EE and Struts dependencies in pom.xml . Note that the Java EE dependency has scope provided , meaning that the web app container provides the jars, therefore we don't need to bundle them with our war fie. <project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"... Create a directory named java under main , create the Struts form and...
Created by Dr. Xi on February 09, 2009 23:14:15    Last update: February 09, 2009 23:14:15
This example demonstrates the general steps in creating a custom Java class loader. Normally a class loader would consult its parent class loader when asked to load a class. If it's not loaded by the parent class loader, then the class loader would try to load the class on its own. This class loader tries to load the requested class on its own first, and delegates to the parent only when a java.lang.SecurityException is thrown (which happens when it tries to load core Java classes such as java.lang.String ). The classes are loaded from CLASSPATH through the getResourceAsStream call. It's important to note that when a class is loaded with a certain class loader, all classes referenced from that class are also loaded through the...