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Created by timo on January 25, 2012 20:13:13    Last update: January 25, 2012 20:13:13
The MIPS CPU is able to run both big-endian and little-endian. So a system built on MIPS can be either big-endian (mips) or little-endian (mipsel). The file command shows the architecture: $ file ls ls: ELF 32-bit LSB executable, MIPS, ... but readelf will tell the endianness: $ readelf -h ls ELF Header: Magic: 7f 45...
Created by Dr. Xi on January 31, 2011 16:24:31    Last update: January 31, 2011 16:24:58
Perl file test operators are unary operators that takes one argument, which can be a file name, a filehandle, or dirhandle. If the argument is omitted, it tests $_ , except for -t , which tests STDIN. Syntax: -X FILEHANDLE -X EXPR -X DIRHANDLE -X where X is: Operator Meaning -r File is readable by effective uid/gid. -w File is writable by effective uid/gid. -x File is executable by effective uid/gid. -o File is owned by effective uid. -R File is readable by real uid/gid. -W File is writable by real uid/gid. -X File is executable by real uid/gid. -O File is owned by real uid. -e File exists. -z File has zero size (is empty). -s File has nonzero size (returns size in bytes)....
Created by voodoo on January 17, 2010 00:15:47    Last update: January 17, 2010 00:15:47
A runlevel is used to group the daemons (services) to start. For the Fedora/Redhat based Linux systems, the primary runlevels are: runlevel 1: Single-User Mode runlevel 2: Multi-User Mode runlevel 3: Multi-User Mode with Networking runlevel 5: X11 (runlevel 3 + X Window System) The typical workstation runs in runlevel 5. Servers without X-server runs in runlevel 3. To determine what runlevel you are using: # /sbin/runlevel To determine what runlevel your system will boot with: # cat /etc/inittab | grep :initdefault: id:5:in... To switch runlevels (replace RUNLEVEL with appropriate number): # /sbin/init RUNLEVEL When you switch runlevel, be sure that you are at a text console so that you don't accidentally kill your session when X-server is killed.
Created by Dr. Xi on September 29, 2008 23:03:40    Last update: September 29, 2008 23:04:08
Variables set automatically by shell: Variable Description $# Number of command-line arguments. $- Options currently in effect (arguments supplied to sh or to set). $? Exit value of last executed command. $$ Process number of current process. $! Process number of last background command. $0 First word; that is, command name. $n Individual arguments on command line (positional parameters). The Bourne shell allows only nine parameters to be referenced directly (n = 1-9); the Korn shell allows n to be greater than 9 if specified as ${n}. $* All arguments on command line ("$1 $2..."). $@ All arguments on command line, individually quoted ("$1" "$2" ...). Variables set automatically by Korn shell: Variable Description ERRNO Error number of last system call that failed. LINENO Current...