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Created by Dr. Xi on April 26, 2011 20:12:01    Last update: April 28, 2011 15:28:12
An XML schema is a definition of XML files, in XML. It plays the same role as old-time DTDs. Overall, an XML schema file looks like this: <schema attributeFormDefault = (qualified | u... The attribute meanings: targetNamespace : The name space targeted by the current schema definition. It can be any URI. id and version : For user convenience, the W3C spec defines no semantics for them. xml:lang : Natural language identifier defined by RFC 3306 . attributeFormDefault and elementFormDefault : Set default values for the form attribute for attribute and element declarations. blockDefault and finalDefault : Set default values for the block and final attributes for attribute and element declarations. The W3C defined some built-in datatypes . Examples of primitive datatypes are: string ,...
Created by Fang on August 10, 2010 21:37:36    Last update: October 25, 2010 20:18:47
The tags <fmt:formatNumber> Format a numeric value as number , currency or percentage - controlled by the type attribute (defaults to number if type is missing). Syntax: <fmt:formatNumber value="numericValue" [type="... Attributes: Name Dynamic? Type Description value true String or Number Numeric value to be formatted. type true String Specifies whether the value is to be formatted as number, currency, or percentage. pattern true String Custom formatting pattern, must follow the pattern syntax specified by the class java.text.DecimalFormat . currencyCode true String ISO 4217 currency code. Applied only when formatting currencies (i.e. if type is equal to "currency"); ignored otherwise. currencySymbol true String Currency symbol. Applied only when formatting currencies (i.e. if type is equal to "currency"); ignored otherwise. It is used only when currencyCode is...
Created by Fang on August 16, 2010 21:44:41    Last update: August 16, 2010 22:01:46
The tags <sql:query> Queries a database. Syntax: <sql:query sql="sqlQuery" var="varName" [scope... or, put the query within the element body: <sql:query var="varName" [scope="{page|req... Attributes: Name Dynamic? Type Description sql true String SQL query statement. dataSource true javax.sql.DataSource or String Data source associated with the database to query. A String value represents a relative path to a JNDI resource or the JDBC parameters for the DriverManager class. maxRows true int The maximum number of rows to be included in the query result. If not specified, or set to -1, no limit on the maximum number of rows is enforced. startRow true int The returned Result object includes the rows starting at the specified index. The first row of the original query result set is at index...
Created by Fang on April 04, 2010 04:12:14    Last update: July 21, 2010 14:52:58
The tags <c:if> The <c:if> tag may be used with or without body content: <!-- Without body content, used to export vari... In my opinion, the version without body content is pretty much useless (the <c:set> tag is a lot more meaningful for this purpose). If body content exists, it is inserted into the page if the testCondition is true . Optional attributes var and scope may be specified. If var is specified, a variable whose name is the value of var is exported to the associated scope ( pageScope if no scope is specified). The type of the exported variable is Boolean and its value is the value of the testCondition . <c:choose>, <c:when>, <c:otherwise> These tags imitate the Java control structure if...else...
Created by Fang on April 02, 2010 21:45:47    Last update: July 17, 2010 02:55:06
This is built upon the simple test application for JSTL , which contained a single servlet and a single JSP page. If I want to use it to test all available JSTL tags, the servlet and JSP page would be too complicated. Instead, I want to group the JSTL tags into separate JSP pages and display each group based on the requested URL. For example, if the URL ends with /CoreBasic , I'll display a page that contains the basic core tags; if the URL ends with /I18N , I'll display a page that contains the internationalization tags (e.g., <fmt:message> ). Furthermore, I want to delegate the handling of each group of tags to separate Java classes. This is the application I'll use for the...
Created by Fang on April 03, 2010 20:21:15    Last update: April 04, 2010 03:30:22
The tags <c:out> The <c:out> tag evaluates an expression and outputs the result on the page. The syntax is: <c:out value="value" [escapeXml="{true|false}"] ... where escapeXml defaults to true and default defaults to empty string "". <c:out value="${expr}" escapeXml="false"/> is equivalent to ${expr} . If a variable is set in multiple scopes, the lower scope wins. In the following example code, attribute1 is set in request, session, and application scopes; attribute2 is set in session and application scopes; attribute3 is set in the application scope. The results are: <c:out value="${attribute1}"/> : Attribute1 request scope <c:out value="${attribute2}"/> : Attribute2 session scope <c:out value="${attribute3}"/> : Attribute3 application scope To access values in higher scopes, you have to specify the scope explicitly, like this: <c:out value="${sessionScope.attribute1}"/> : Attribute1 session...