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Created by Fang on August 28, 2013 20:37:17    Last update: August 28, 2013 20:37:17
The default extension for JSF facelet files is .xhtml, which looks so out-of-date these days. I wanted to change the extension from .xhtml to .html, to make it look more modern, even though I still use JSF xhtml in reality. This didn't work ( web.xml ): <servlet-mapping> <servlet-name>Faces Ser... Using the servlet-mapping config without the context-param works, given that the actual file extensions are still .xhtml . But the caveat is, if you request the .xhtml file directly, it will be sent to the browser unprocessed. This worked: <servlet-mapping> <servlet-name>Faces Ser... I'm using myfaces 2.1.11.
Created by Fang on October 31, 2011 12:54:05    Last update: October 23, 2012 12:31:16
In JSP you output the web application context path with: ${pageContext.request.contextPath} Facelets are not JSPs, and there's no pageContext . So the above does not work. But in facelets you can use request directly: ${request.contextPath} For example, a link to the root URL: <a href="${request.contextPath}">Home</a> Servlet request URL: <h2>#{request.requestURL}</h2>
Created by Fang on January 28, 2012 13:24:09    Last update: January 28, 2012 13:31:22
This is a simple JSP custom tags library with tag body. Just like the JSF counterpart , it splits a string and repeats the body for each word, i.e., with this markup: <%@ taglib uri="http://custom.tag.com/demo" prefix... output: <html> <body> <p>Hello Tigger!</p> <p>H... With Maven, this is the directory structure: ./src ./src/main ./src/main/resources ./s... There are three files to write: pom.xml : <project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"... src/main/java/tagdemo/IterateTag.java : package tagdemo; import java.io.IOException... src/main/resources/META-INF/demotag.tld : <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <!DO... Build with: mvn clean install To use it as a dependency in other Maven projects: <dependency> <groupId>tag-demo</groupId> ...
Created by Fang on January 04, 2012 09:54:05    Last update: January 04, 2012 09:54:05
There are two ways to validate a form with JSF: jsf validation on the page with <f:validate...> tags (for example: <f:validateLength> , <f:validateRegex> , etc.), or JSR303 bean validation. This note is about how to customize messages for JSR303 bean validation. The validation message is specified in the message attribute for each validation annotation type. The mesage attribute is not a literal string, but a string that is interpolated in various ways. For example, the default validation message for AssertFalse is {javax.validation.constraints.AssertFalse.message} , which is replaced with the corresponding string in ValidationMessages.properties (or ValidationMessages_tr.properties , ValidationMessages_es.properties , depending on the locale). This is the contents of ValidationMessages.properties in the hibernate validator reference implementation: javax.validation.constraints.AssertFalse.message =... To customize the messages, just provide the new value in...
Created by Fang on November 10, 2011 13:19:13    Last update: December 01, 2011 19:10:43
You can add custom implicit variables to JSF pages by using a custom EL resolver, in two simple steps: Write an ELResolver class to resolve the variable Add the ELResolver to faces-config.xml Starting from the Maven Hello World example: Add faces API and EL dependencies to pom.xml : <dependencies> <dependency> <groupId>o... Add a simple greeter class ( src/main/java/com/example/Greeter.java ): package com.example; public class Greeter {... Add our custom EL resolver ( src/main/java/com/example/ELResolver.java ): package com.example; import java.util.Itera... Add the custom EL resolver to src/main/resources/META-INF/faces-config.xml <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <faces-c... Build JAR with mvn package Drop the JAR into WEB-INF/lib of a webapp and test the new EL with: <h:outputText value="#{Greeter.sayHi('Mike')}"/> Fixed: the setValue method used to throw an exception, which is wrong. @Override public void setValue(ELContext ctx, O......
Created by Fang on November 22, 2011 10:40:16    Last update: November 22, 2011 10:40:16
This is an example that uses tag handler, UI component and renderer together to support a custom taglib. The main purpose is to show how these components play together. The tag renders <ui:param name="extra" value="el interpreted"/> ... as <h3>my:foreach</h3> <ul class="css class" extra... These are the files: The tag handler ( src/main/java/com/example/ForeachTagHandler.java ): package com.example; import java.util.Map; ... The UI component ( src/main/java/com/example/UIForeach.java ): package com.example; import java.io.IOExcep... The renderer ( src/main/java/com/example/ForeachRenderer.java ): package com.example; import java.io.IOExcep... Faces config ( src/main/resources/META-INF/faces-config.xml ): <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <faces-c... Taglib config ( src/main/resources/META-INF/foreach.taglib.xml ): <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <facelet...
Created by Fang on November 08, 2011 20:55:00    Last update: November 21, 2011 18:19:44
In the simple taglib example , I used a tag handler class to implement a taglib. This is an example to implement a taglib with a UI component. The purpose is to use a custom tag to split a string and print each part in a separate paragraph, i.e., print <p>john</p> <p>steve</p> <p>mike</p> with custom tag <my:foreach> : <my:foreach var="who" value="john steve mike"> ... These are the files: pom.xml <project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"... src/main/java/com/example/UIForeash.java : package com.example; import java.io.IOExcep... src/main/resources/META-INF/faces-config.xml : <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <faces-c... src/main/resources/META-INF/foreach.taglib.xml : <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <facelet... How to use: Put the JAR file generated by the above project in the WEB-INF/lib folder of the web app. If the web app is a Maven project, just add the taglib project as a dependency:...
Created by Fang on November 10, 2011 09:26:12    Last update: November 10, 2011 09:26:12
Syntax highlighted XML schema for JSF 2.0 Application Configuration Resource File ( faces-config.xml ). Almost 3000 lines! <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <xsd:sch...
Created by Fang on November 03, 2011 19:47:38    Last update: November 08, 2011 20:24:47
This is a step-by-step example to create a really simple facelet taglib (in JSF 2 with Maven). Create a simple Maven project with: mvn archetype:create -DgroupId=com.example -Dartif... Three files are created as a result: pom.xml src/main/java/com/example/App.java src/test/java/com/example/AppTest.java This project should be able to build with: mvn package Add facelet API dependencies to pom.xml : <project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.... The compiler plugin section is optional. Remove src/main/java/com/example/App.java , create a new Java class as the facelet Tag Handler ( HelloTagHandler.java ): package com.example; import java.io.IOExcep... This tag handler simply prints a "Hello" message. Create facelet tag declaration file src/main/resources/META-INF/hello.taglib.xml : <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <facelet... Build the JAR with mvn clean package Optionally, install it to the local repository: mvn install To use the taglib, simply drop the...
Created by Fang on November 08, 2011 14:40:57    Last update: November 08, 2011 14:40:57
This error happened when I loaded a JSF page, using Apache MyFaces. From the stack trace it looked like the XML parser failed, but in reality the runtime was not able to load the class specified in the handler-class element - a typo in the class name! That's the price you pay for wiring together components with XML! This was the stack trace: Caused by: org.xml.sax.SAXException: Error Handlin...
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