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Created by Dr. Xi on February 01, 2012 12:55:28    Last update: February 01, 2012 12:55:28
You can define environment variables in the Tomcat context.xml file like this: <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <Context... which is equivalent to the following in web.xml : <env-entry> <env-entry-name>varName</env-entr... In Java code, the variable can be looked up like this: // import javax.naming.Context; // import javax...
Created by Fang on January 10, 2010 00:19:30    Last update: January 31, 2012 16:28:42
Maven is a powerful yet complex tool. When I started learning Maven, the first obstacle was, of course, its complexity. The second, was the lack of documentation that can get me off the ground quickly. This tutorial is an attempt to create a pragmatic guide that aims to get you familiar with Maven in the quickest way possible. The main theme is to get you on some hands on experience to start out and lead you through the creation of a simple Java EE project as quickly as possible. Instead of trying to give you a good read, I try to get you on the journey right away. The topics are roughly ordered by the logical sequence but you can jump around in any way...
Created by Fang on January 31, 2012 15:40:34    Last update: January 31, 2012 15:41:28
This is a simple Hello World application with Spring 3 MVC. Like the default Apache HTTPd welcome page, it displays " It works! " when successfully deployed. The sole purpose is to show the minimum elements needed to setup Spring 3 MVC. I use Maven since it's so much easier than downloading the dependencies manually. Directory layout: ./src ./src/main ./src/main/webapp ./src/... pom.xml : <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <project... WEB-INF/web.xml : <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <web-app... WEB-INF/applicationContext.xml (empty, but needed): <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <beans x... WEB-INF/spring-servlet.xml : <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <beans x... WEB-INF/jsp/home.jsp : <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <title>H... Build with: mvn clean package The resulting webapp is target/springmvc.war .
Created by Fang on January 31, 2012 13:57:56    Last update: January 31, 2012 15:04:29
These are the minimum steps to configure Spring MVC in web.xml : Bootstrap Spring MVC by registering ContextLoaderListener : <listener> <listener-class> org.springfra... Register the DispatcherServlet : <servlet> <servlet-name>spring</servlet-name> ... Add servlet-mapping : <servlet-mapping> <servlet-name>spring</servle... Configure DispatcherServlet with WEB-INF/spring-servlet.xml , which configures WebApplicationContext specific to this servlet. <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <beans x... Optionally, use context-param in web.xml to configure the global WebApplicationContext : <!-- XmlWebApplicationContext is the default, so t... If you omit this section, you have to create file WEB-INF/applicationContext.xml , even if it's empty. This is the full web.xml : <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <web-app...
Created by Fang on January 28, 2012 13:24:09    Last update: January 28, 2012 13:31:22
This is a simple JSP custom tags library with tag body. Just like the JSF counterpart , it splits a string and repeats the body for each word, i.e., with this markup: <%@ taglib uri="http://custom.tag.com/demo" prefix... output: <html> <body> <p>Hello Tigger!</p> <p>H... With Maven, this is the directory structure: ./src ./src/main ./src/main/resources ./s... There are three files to write: pom.xml : <project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"... src/main/java/tagdemo/IterateTag.java : package tagdemo; import java.io.IOException... src/main/resources/META-INF/demotag.tld : <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <!DO... Build with: mvn clean install To use it as a dependency in other Maven projects: <dependency> <groupId>tag-demo</groupId> ...
Created by zhidao on January 25, 2012 19:27:53    Last update: January 25, 2012 19:28:47
The spring MVC annotation-driven declaration: <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <beans x... does the following magic : Among others, registers: RequestMappingHandlerMapping RequestMappingHandlerAdapter ExceptionHandlerExceptionResolver in support of processing requests with annotated controller methods using annotations such as @RequestMapping , @ExceptionHandler , etc. Enables Spring 3 style type conversion through a ConversionService instance in addition to the JavaBeans PropertyEditors used for Data Binding. Enables support for formatting Number fields using the @NumberFormat annotation through the ConversionService . Enables support for formatting Date, Calendar, Long, and Joda Time fields using the @DateTimeFormat annotation, if Joda Time 1.3 or higher is present on the classpath. Enables support for validating @Controller inputs with @Valid , if a JSR-303 Provider is present on the classpath. Enables HttpMessageConverter support for @RequestBody method parameters and...
Created by zhidao on January 23, 2012 15:00:19    Last update: January 23, 2012 15:00:19
The domain object is annotated @Entity , but Java runtime complains that it's not an entity class. Cause: : class not listed in persistence.xml , or persistence.xml misplaced, or multiple persistence.xml files existed.
Created by zhidao on January 23, 2012 14:58:58    Last update: January 23, 2012 14:58:58
This exception occurs when the Java object attribute is of type String, while the database column is of type CHAR(n), and hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto is validate in persistence.xml . There are two solutions: Add columnDefinition to the @Column annotation: @Column(name = “STATE_CODE”, columnDefinition = “c... Remove hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto from persistence.xml .
Created by zhidao on January 22, 2012 21:18:19    Last update: January 22, 2012 21:18:45
Once in a while, people want to set the context root of a web application in web.xml . Let me remind myself and others here: context root is not set in web.xml! . The context root is specified by things outside of the webapp : For web application packaged inside a EAR, context root can be specified in the context-root element of the web module: <application xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2e... For web application deployed standalone, the configuration is container specific. For the JBoss container, it may be specified in jboss-web.xml : <jboss-web> <context-root>bank</context-roo...
Created by Dr. Xi on January 17, 2012 11:58:16    Last update: January 17, 2012 11:58:16
Steps to configure JavaMail resource for Tomcat 6 & 7: Install JavaMail jar: download the JavaMail API , unzip the archive and copy mail.jar to $CATALINA_HOME/lib . Add JavaMail resource to $CATALINA_BASE/conf/context.xml : <?xml version="1.0"?> <Context> . ... Add resource-ref for the JavaMail resource to your webapp WEB-INF/web.xml : <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <web-app... Use the JavaMail resource in your webapp: // import javax.naming.*; // import javax.mail....
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